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According to official figures, Myanmar has:

  • 352,584 million kyat budget (4.42%) for the education sector
  • 40,000 schools
  • 64 Colleges, Regional Colleges and Universities (High Education)
  • Over 40,000 schools (Basic Education)
  • 97 Universities, Regional Colleges and Technical Institutes (under 12 government ministries)
  • Over 8 million students
  • 274,000 registered school teachers

Month expenses from government-run school can range from 10,000 to 50,000 kyat, with the amount covering fees for school registration, books and stationary, sports, the library and a school fund (Irrawaddy, 20011).

Primary Education is often offered free of charge, usually by monasteries. There are:

  • 2,500 monastic schools
  • 200,000 students (16%) are studying at monastic schools

There were 1431 registered monastic schools in 252 townships in the 2010-11 academic year teaching the state curriculum to about 215,000 students. Of these, 176,000 are primary level students.


  • Irrawaddy, 2011, Monastic Education the Only Option for Burma's Poor, 29 September 2011.